|Born||Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger
July 30, 1947 (age 71)
Thal, Styria, Austria.
(m. 1986; div. 2011)
|Children||5, Including Katherine and Patrick
|Mother||Aurelia Jadrny Schwarzenegger|
|Relatives||Meinhard Schwarzenegger (brother)|
|Residence||Los Angeles, California, U.S.|
|Alma mater||Santa Monica College
University of Wisconsin–Superior (BA)
Arnold Schwarzenegger (Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger) ( Born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian-American actor, filmmaker, businessman, investor, author, philanthropist, activist, politician, and former professional bodybuilder and powerlifter. He served two terms as the 38th Governor of California from 2003 to 2011.
Schwarzenegger began lifting weights at the age of 15. He won the Mr. Universe title at age 20 and went on to win the Mr. Olympia contest seven times, remaining a prominent presence in bodybuilding and writing many books and articles on the sport. The Arnold Sports Festival, considered one of the best professional bodybuilding competitions in recent years, is named after him. He is widely considered to be one of the greatest bodybuilders of all-time as well as that sport’s most charismatic ambassador.
Schwarzenegger gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action film icon. His breakthrough film was the “sword-and-sorcery” epic “Conan the Barbarian” in 1982, a box-office hit that resulted in a sequel. In 1984, he appeared in the title role of “James Cameron’s” critically and commercially successful science-fiction thriller film “The Terminator”.
He subsequently reprised “The Terminator character” in most of the franchise‘s later installments, “Terminator 2: Judgment Day” (1991), “Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines” (2003), and “Terminator Genisys (2015)”. He has appeared in a number of other successful films, such as “Commando” (1985), “The Running Man” (1987), “Predator” (1987), “Twins”(1988), “Total Recall” (1990), “Kindergarten Cop” (1990), and “True Lies” (1994).
As a Republican, Schwarzenegger was first elected on October 7, 2003, in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis. He was sworn in on November 17, to serve the remainder of Davis’ term. He was then re-elected in the 2006 California gubernatorial election, to serve a full term as governor. In 2011, he completed his second term as governor and returned to acting.
Schwarzenegger was nicknamed “The Austrian Oak” in his bodybuilding days, “Arnie” during his acting career, and “The Governator” (a portmanteau of “Governor” and “Terminator”) during his political career.
Schwarzenegger married Maria Shriver, a niece of the 35th U.S. President John F. Kennedy and daughter of the 1972 Democratic vice presidential candidate and former Ambassador to France Sargent Shriver, in 1986. They separated in 2011 after he admitted to having fathered a child with another woman in 1997.
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger was born on July 30, 1947, in Thal, Styria, the son of Aurelia and Gustav Schwarzenegger. His father was the local chief of police and had served in World War II as a Hauptfeldwebel after voluntarily joining the Nazi Party in 1938, was wounded during the battle of Stalingrad, but was discharged in 1943 following a bout of malaria. He married Schwarzenegger’s mother on October 20, 1945; he was 38 and she was 23.
According to Schwarzenegger, his parents were very strict: “Back then in Austria it was a very different world … if we did something bad or we disobeyed our parents, the rod was not spared.“ He grew up in a Catholic family who attended Mass every Sunday.
Gustav had a preference for his elder son, Meinhard, over Schwarzenegger. His favoritism was “strong and blatant,” which stemmed from unfounded suspicion that Schwarzenegger was not his biological child. Schwarzenegger has said his father had “no patience for listening or understanding your problems.“ He had a good relationship with his mother and kept in touch with her until her death.
In later life, Schwarzenegger commissioned the Simon Wiesenthal Center to research his father’s wartime record, which came up with no evidence of Gustav being involved in atrocities, despite his membership in the Nazi Party and SA. Gustav’s background received wide press attention during the 2003 California recall campaign.
At school, Schwarzenegger was reportedly academically average, but stood out for his “cheerful, good-humored, and exuberant” character. Money was a problem in their household; Schwarzenegger recalled that one of the highlights of his youth was when the family bought a refrigerator.
As a boy, Schwarzenegger played several sports, heavily influenced by his father. He picked up his first barbell in 1960, when his soccer coach took his team to a local gym. At the age of 14, he chose bodybuilding over soccer as a career. He later said, “I actually started weight training when I was 15, but I’d been participating in sports, like soccer, for years, so I felt that although I was slim, I was well-developed, at least enough so that I could start going to the gym and start Olympic lifting.
“ However, his official website biography claims that “at 14, he started an intensive training program with Dan Farmer, studied psychology at 15 (to learn more about the power of mind over body) and at 17, officially started his competitive career.” During a speech in 2001, he said, “My own plan formed when I was 14 years old. My father had wanted me to be a police officer like he was. My mother wanted me to go to trade school.”
Schwarzenegger took to visiting a gym in Graz, where he also frequented the local movie theaters to see bodybuilding idols such as Reg Park, Steve Reeves, and Johnny Weissmuller on the big screen. When Reeves died in 2000, Schwarzenegger fondly remembered him: “As a teenager, I grew up with Steve Reeves. His remarkable accomplishments allowed me a sense of what was possible when others around me didn’t always understand my dreams. Steve Reeves has been part of everything I’ve ever been fortunate enough to achieve.
” In 1961, Schwarzenegger met former Mr. Austria Kurt Marnul, who invited him to train at the gym in Graz. He was so dedicated as a youngster that he broke into the local gym on weekends, so that he could train even when it was closed. “It would make me sick to miss a workout… I knew I couldn’t look at myself in the mirror the next morning if I didn’t do it.” When Schwarzenegger was asked about his first movie experience as a boy, he replied: “I was very young, but I remember my father taking me to the Austrian theaters and seeing some newsreels. The first real movie I saw, that I distinctly remember, was a John Wayne movie.”
Schwarzenegger’s brother, Meinhard, died in a car crash on May 20, 1971. He was driving drunk and died instantly. Schwarzenegger did not attend his funeral. Meinhard was engaged to Erika Knapp, and they had a three-year-old son named Patrick. Schwarzenegger paid for Patrick’s education and helped him to move to the U.S. Gustav died on December 13, 1972, from a stroke. In Pumping Iron, Schwarzenegger claimed that he did not attend his father’s funeral because he was training for a bodybuilding contest.
Later, he and the film’s producer said this story was taken from another bodybuilder to show the extremes some would go to for their sport and to make Schwarzenegger’s image colder to create controversy for the film. Barbara Baker, his first serious girlfriend, recalled that he informed her of his father’s death without emotion and that he never spoke of his brother. Over time, he has given at least three versions of why he was absent from his father’s funeral.
In an interview with Fortune in 2004, Schwarzenegger told how he suffered what “would now be called child abuse” at the hands of his father: “My hair was pulled. I was hit with belts. So was the kid next door. It was just the way it was. Many of the children I’ve seen were broken by their parents, which was the German-Austrian mentality. They didn’t want to create an individual. It was all about conforming. I was one who did not conform, and whose will could not be broken. Therefore, I became a rebel. Every time I got hit, and every time someone said, ‘You can’t do this,’ I said, ‘This is not going to be for much longer because I’m going to move out of here. I want to be rich. I want to be somebody.”
Schwarzenegger served in the Austrian Army in 1965 to fulfill the one year of service required at the time of all 18-year-old Austrian males. During his army service, he won the Junior Mr. Europe contest. He went AWOL during basic training so he could take part in the competition and spent a week in military prison: “Participating in the competition meant so much to me that I didn’t carefully think through the consequences.
” He won another bodybuilding contest in Graz, at Steirerhof Hotel (where he placed second). He was voted best-built man of Europe, which made him famous. “The Mr. Universe title was my ticket to America—the land of opportunity, where I could become a star and get rich.” Schwarzenegger made his first plane trip in 1966, attending the NABBA Mr. Universe competition in London. He would come in second in the Mr. Universe competition, not having the muscle definition of American winner Chester Yorton.
Charles “Wag” Bennett, one of the judges at the 1966 competition, was impressed with Schwarzenegger and he offered to coach him. As Schwarzenegger had little money, Bennett invited him to stay in his crowded family home above one of his two gyms in Forest Gate, London. Yorton’s leg definition had been judged superior, and Schwarzenegger, under a training program devised by Bennett, concentrated on improving the muscle definition and power in his legs.
Also in 1966, while at Bennett’s home, Schwarzenegger had the opportunity to meet childhood idol Reg Park, who became his friend and mentor. The training paid off and, in 1967, Schwarzenegger won the title for the first time, becoming the youngest ever Mr. Universe at the age of 20. He would go on to win the title a further three times.
Schwarzenegger then flew back to Munich, where he attended a business school and worked in a health club (Rolf Putziger’s gym, where he worked and trained from 1966 to 1968), returning in 1968 to London to win his next Mr. Universe title. He frequently told Roger C. Field, his English coach and friend in Munich at that time, “I’m going to become the greatest actor!”
Schwarzenegger, who dreamed of moving to the U.S. since the age of 10, and saw bodybuilding as the avenue through which to do so, realized his dream by moving to the United States in October 1968 at the age of 21, speaking little English. There he trained at Gold’s Gym in Venice, Los Angeles, California, under Joe Weider.
From 1970 to 1974, one of Schwarzenegger’s weight training partners was Ric Drasin, a professional wrestler who designed the original Gold’s Gym logo in 1973. Schwarzenegger also became good friends with professional wrestler Superstar Billy Graham. In 1970, at age 23, he captured his first Mr. Olympia title in New York, and would go on to win the title a total of seven times.
The immigration law firm Siskind & Susser has stated that Schwarzenegger may have been an illegal immigrant at some point in the late 1960s or early 1970s because of violations in the terms of his visa. LA Weekly would later say in 2002 that Schwarzenegger is the most famous immigrant in America, who “overcame a thick Austrian accent and transcended the unlikely background of bodybuilding to become the biggest movie star in the world in the 1990s”.
In 1977, Schwarzenegger’s autobiography/weight-training guide Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder became a huge success. In 1977 he posed for the gay magazine After Dark. After taking English classes at Santa Monica College in California, he earned a bachelor’s degree by correspondence from the University of Wisconsin–Superior, in international marketing of fitness and business administration in 1979. He got his American citizenship in 1983.
Schwarzenegger is considered among the most important figures in the history of bodybuilding, and his legacy is commemorated in the Arnold Classic annual bodybuilding competition. He has remained a prominent face in bodybuilding long after his retirement, in part because of his ownership of gyms and fitness magazines. He has presided over numerous contests and awards shows.
For many years, he wrote a monthly column for the bodybuilding magazines Muscle & Fitness and Flex. Shortly after being elected governor, he was appointed the executive editor of both magazines, in a largely symbolic capacity. The magazines agreed to donate $250,000 a year to the Governor’s various physical fitness initiatives.
When the deal, including the contract that gave Schwarzenegger at least $1 million a year, was made public in 2005, many criticized it as being a conflict of interest since the governor’s office made decisions concerning regulation of dietary supplements in California. Consequently, Schwarzenegger relinquished the executive editor role in 2005. American Media Inc., which owns Muscle & Fitness and Flex, announced in March 2013 that Schwarzenegger had accepted their renewed offer to be executive editor of the magazines.
One of the first competitions he won was the Junior Mr. Europe contest in 1965. He won Mr. Europe the following year, at age 19. He would go on to compete in, and win, many bodybuilding contests. His bodybuilding victories included five Mr. Universe (4 – NABBA [England], 1 – IFBB [USA]) wins, and seven Mr. Olympia wins, a record which would stand until Lee Haney won his eighth consecutive Mr. Olympia title in 1991.
- Competition weight: 235 pounds (107 kg), the lightest in 1980 Mr. Olympia around 225 pounds (102 kg), the heaviest in 1971,1974 Mr. Olympia around 250 pounds (113 kg)
- Off-season weight: 260 pounds (118 kg)
|Nick Name||The Austrian Oak|
|Height||6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)|
|Weight||235 lb (107 kg) (contest)
260 lb (118 kg) (off-season)
|Pro-Debut||NABBA Mr. Universe, 1968|
|Best Win||IFBB Mr. Olympia, 1970–1975, 1980, Seven Times|
|Predecessor||Sergio Oliva ('69), Frank Zane ('79)|
|Successor||Franco Columbu ('76, '81)|
|Clean and Press||264 lb (120 kg)|
|Snatch||243 lb (110 kg)|
|Clean and Jerk||298 lb (135 kg)|
|Squat||545 lb (247 kg)|
|Bench Press||520 lb (240 kg)|
|Deadlift||710 lb (320 kg)|
Schwarzenegger’s goal was to become the greatest bodybuilder in the world, which meant becoming Mr. Olympia. His first attempt was in 1969, when he lost to three-time champion Sergio Oliva. However, Schwarzenegger came back in 1970 and won the competition, making him the youngest ever Mr. Olympia at the age of 23, a record he still holds to this day.
He continued his winning streak in the 1971–74 competitions. In 1975, Schwarzenegger was once again in top form, and won the title for the sixth consecutive time, beating Franco Columbu. After the 1975 Mr. Olympia contest, Schwarzenegger announced his retirement from professional bodybuilding.
Months before the 1975 Mr. Olympia contest, filmmakers George Butler and Robert Fiore persuaded Schwarzenegger to compete, in order to film his training in the bodybuilding documentary called Pumping Iron. Schwarzenegger had only three months to prepare for the competition, after losing significant weight to appear in the film “Stay Hungry” with Jeff Bridges. Lou Ferrigno proved not to be a threat, and a lighter-than-usual Schwarzenegger convincingly won the 1975 Mr. Olympia.
Schwarzenegger came out of retirement, however, to compete in the 1980 Mr. Olympia. Schwarzenegger was training for his role in “Conan”, and he got into such good shape because of the running, horseback riding and sword training, that he decided he wanted to win the Mr. Olympia contest one last time. He kept this plan a secret in the event that a training accident would prevent his entry and cause him to lose face.
Schwarzenegger had been hired to provide color commentary for network television when he announced at the eleventh hour that, while he was there, “Why not compete?” Schwarzenegger ended up winning the event with only seven weeks of preparation. Having being declared Mr. Olympia for a seventh time, Schwarzenegger then officially retired from competition.
Schwarzenegger has admitted to using performance-enhancing anabolic steroids while they were legal, writing in 1977 that “steroids were helpful to me in maintaining muscle size while on a strict diet in preparation for a contest. I did not use them for muscle growth, but rather for muscle maintenance when cutting up.” He has called the drugs “tissue building”.
In 1999, Schwarzenegger sued Dr. Willi Heepe, a German doctor who publicly predicted his early death on the basis of a link between his steroid use and his later heart problems. As the doctor had never examined him personally, Schwarzenegger collected a US $10,000 libel judgment against him in a German court. In 1999, Schwarzenegger also sued and settled with Globe, a U.S. tabloid which had made similar predictions about the bodybuilder’s future health.
International Powerlifting Championships
German Powerlifting Championships
Graz-Paradise Keller Powerlifting Championships
Styrian Junior Weightlifting Championships
German Austrian Weightlifting Championships
List of competitions
|Year||Competition||Location||Result & Notes|
|1965||Junior Mr. Europe||Germany||1st|
|1966||Best Built Man of Europe||Germany||1st|
|1966||International Powerlifting Championship||Germany||1st|
|1966||NABBA Mr. Universe Amateur||London||2nd to Chet Yorton|
|1967||NABBA Mr. Universe Amateur||London||1st|
|1968||NABBA Mr. Universe Professional||London||1st|
|1968||German Powerlifting Championship||Germany||1st|
|1968||IFBB Mr. International||Mexico||1st|
|1968||IFBB Mr. Universe||Florida||2nd to Frank Zane|
|1969||IFBB Mr. Universe Amateur||New York||1st|
|1969||NABBA Mr. Universe Professional||London||1st|
|1969||Mr. Olympia||New York||2nd to Sergio Oliva|
|1970||NABBA Mr. Universe Professional||London||1st Defeated his Idol Reg Park|
|1970||AAU Mr. World||Columbus, Ohio||1st. Defeated Sergio Oliva for the First Time|
|1970||Mr. Olympia||New York||1st|
|1972||Mr. Olympia||Essen, Germany||1st|
|1973||Mr. Olympia||New York||1st|
|1974||Mr. Olympia||New York||1st|
|1975||Mr. Olympia||Pretoria, South Africa||1st. Subject of the Documentary Pumping Iron|
|1980||Mr. Olympia||Sydney, Australia||1st|
|Height||6'2" (188 cm)|
|Contest Weight||235 lb (107 kg)|
|Off-Season Weight||260 lb (120 kg)|
|Arms||22 in (56 cm)(1ft. 10in.)|
|Chest||57 in (140 cm)(4ft. 9in.)|
|Waist||34 in (86 cm)(2ft. 10in.)|
|Thighs||28.5 in (72 cm)(2ft. 4.5in.)|
|Calves||20 in (51 cm)(1ft. 8in.)|
Schwarzenegger wanted to move from bodybuilding into acting, finally achieving it when he was chosen to play the role of Hercules in 1970’s “Hercules in New York”. Credited under the stage name “Arnold Strong”, his accent in the film was so thick that his lines were dubbed after production.
His second film appearance was as a deaf-mute mob hitman in “The Long Goodbye” (1973), which was followed by a much more significant part in the film “Stay Hungry” (1976), for which he won the “Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor”. Schwarzenegger has discussed his early struggles in developing his acting career: “It was very difficult for me in the beginning – I was told by agents and casting people that my body was ‘too weird’, that I had a funny accent, and that my name was too long. You name it, and they told me I had to change it. Basically, everywhere I turned, I was told that I had no chance.”
Schwarzenegger drew attention and boosted his profile in the “bodybuilding film Pumping Iron” (1977), elements of which were dramatized; in 1991, he purchased the rights to the film, its outtakes, and associated still photography. In 1977, he made guest appearances in single episodes of the ABC sitcom The San Pedro Beach Bums and the ABC police procedural The Streets of San Francisco.
Schwarzenegger auditioned for the title role of “The Incredible Hulk”, but did not win the role because of his height. Later, Lou Ferrigno got the part of Dr. David Banner’s alter ego. Schwarzenegger appeared with Kirk Douglas and Ann-Margret in the 1979 comedy “The Villain”. In 1980, he starred in a biographical film of the 1950s actress Jayne Mansfield as Mansfield’s husband, Mickey Hargitay.
Schwarzenegger’s breakthrough film was the “sword-and-sorcery” epic “Conan the Barbarian” in 1982, which was a box-office hit. This was followed by a sequel, “Conan the Destroyer”, in 1984, although it was not as successful as its predecessor.
In 1983, Schwarzenegger starred in the promotional video, “Carnival in Rio”. In 1984, he made his first appearance as the eponymous character, and what some would say was his acting career’s signature role, in James Cameron’s science fiction thriller film “The Terminator”.Following this, Schwarzenegger made “Red Sonja” in 1985 and many more films later.
Schwarzenegger’s commercial peak was his return as the title character in 1991’s “Terminator 2: Judgment Day”, which was the highest-grossing film of 1991. In 1993, the National Association of Theatre Owners named him the “International Star of the Decade”.
That same year, the comedy “Junior” was released, the last of Schwarzenegger’s three collaborations with Ivan Reitman and again co-starring Danny DeVito. This film brought him his second “Golden Globe nomination”, this time for “Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy”. It was followed by the action thriller “Eraser” (1996), the Christmas comedy “Jingle All The Way” (1996), and the comic book-based “Batman & Robin” (1997), in which he played the villain “Mr. Freeze”.
This was his final film before taking time to recuperate from a back injury. Following the critical failure of “Batman & Robin”, his film career and box office prominence went into decline. He returned with the supernatural thriller “End of Days” (1999), later followed by the action films “The 6th Day” (2000) and “Collateral Damage“ (2002), both of which failed to do well at the box office. In 2003, he made his third appearance as the title character in “Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines”, which went on to earn over $150 million domestically.
In tribute to Schwarzenegger in 2002, Forum Stadtpark, a local cultural association, proposed plans to build a “25-meter (82 ft) tall Terminator statue” in a park in central Graz. Schwarzenegger reportedly said he was flattered, but thought the money would be better spent on social projects and the Special Olympics.
His film appearances after becoming Governor of California included a three-second cameo appearance in “The Rundown”, and the 2004 remake of “Around the World in 80 Days”. He had been rumored to be appearing in “Terminator Salvation” as the original T-800; he denied his involvement, but he ultimately did appear briefly via his image being inserted into the movie from stock footage of the first Terminator movie. Schwarzenegger appeared in Sylvester Stallone’s “The Expendables”, where he made a cameo appearance.
Return to Acting
In January 2011, just weeks after leaving office in California, Schwarzenegger announced that he was reading several new scripts for future films, one of them being the “World War II” action drama With Wings as Eagles, written by Randall Wallace, based on a true story. On March 6, 2011, at the Arnold Seminar of the “Arnold Classic”, Schwarzenegger revealed that he was being considered for several films.
Including sequels to “The Terminator” and remakes of “Predator” and “The Running Man”, and that he was “packaging” a comic book character. The character was later revealed to be “the Governator”, star of the comic book and animated series of the same name. Schwarzenegger inspired the character and co-developed it with Stan Lee, who would have produced the series. Schwarzenegger would have voiced the Governator.
He appeared in “The Expendables 2″ (2012), and starred in “The Last Stand” (2013), his first leading role in 10 years, and “Escape Plan” (2013), his first co-starring role alongside Sylvester Stallone. He starred in “Sabotage”, released in March 2014, and appeared in “The Expendables 3“, released in August 2014.
He starred in the fifth Terminator movie “Terminator Genisys” in 2015 and would reprise his role as “Conan the Barbarian” in “The Legend of Conan”, later renamed “Conan the Conqueror”. However, in April 2017, producer Chris Morgan stated that Universal had dropped the project.
In August 2016, his filming of action-comedy “Why We’re Killing Gunther” was temporarily interrupted by bank robbers near filming location in Surrey, British Columbia.
Schwarzenegger will return in a Terminator movie on July 26, 2019. The series co-creator James Cameron will produce the movie with Tim Miller as Director. It is another cooperation with Cameron, who directed him previously in Terminator, Terminator 2 and True Lies. The film is planned as a direct sequel to Terminator 2 and disregards the storyline established with Terminator 3, Terminator Salvation and Terminator Genisys. It will be shot in Almería.
Selected Notable Roles
- Hercules in New York as Hercules (1969)
- Stay Hungry as Joe Santo (1976)
- Pumping Iron as himself (1977)
- The Villain as Handsome Stranger (1979)
- The Jayne Mansfield Story as Mickey Hargitay (1980)
- Conan the Barbarian as Conan (1982)
- Conan the Destroyer as Conan (1984)
- The Terminator as The Terminator/T-800 Model 101 (1984)
- Red Sonja as Kalidor (1985)
- Commando as John Matrix (1985)
- Raw Deal as Mark Kaminsky, a.k.a. Joseph P. Brenner (1986)
- Predator as Major Alan “Dutch” Schaeffer (1987)
- The Running Man as Ben Richards (1987)
- Red Heat as Captain Ivan Danko (1988)
- Twins as Julius Benedict (1988)
- Total Recall as Douglas Quaid/Hauser (1990)
- Kindergarten Cop as Detective John Kimble (1990)
- Terminator 2: Judgment Day as The Terminator/T-800 Model 101 (1991)
- Last Action Hero as Jack Slater / Himself (1993)
- True Lies as Harry Tasker (1994)
- Junior as Dr. Alex Hesse (1994)
- Eraser as U.S. Marshal John Kruger (1996)
- Jingle All the Way as Howard Langston (1996)
- Batman and Robin as Mr. Freeze (1997)
- End of Days as Jericho Cane (1999)
- The 6th Day as Adam Gibson / Adam Gibson Clone (2000)
- Collateral Damage as Gordy Brewer (2002)
- Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines as The Terminator/T-850 Model 101 (2003)
- Around the World in 80 Days as Prince Hapi (2004)
- The Expendables as Trench (2010)
- The Expendables 2 as Trench (2012)
- The Last Stand as Sheriff Ray Owens (2013)
- Escape Plan as Rottmayer (2013)
- Sabotage as John ‘Breacher’ Wharton (2014)
- The Expendables 3 as Trench (2014)
- Maggie as Wade Vogel (2015)
- Terminator Genisys as The Terminator/T-800 Model 101/ The Guardian (2015)
- Aftermath as Roman Melnik (2017)
- Killing Gunther as Gunther (2017)
- Viy 2: Journey to China as Captain Hook (2018)
- Terminator as The Terminator/T-800 Model 101 (2019)
Governor of California
|In Office||November 17, 2003 – January 3, 2011|
Mona Pasquil (Acting)
|Preceded By||Gray Davis|
|Succeeded By||Jerry Brown|
Arnold Schwarzenegger is a moderate Republican. He supported gay rights, such as domestic partnerships, and he performed a same-sex marriage as Governor. Schwarzenegger announced his candidacy in the 2003 California recall election for Governor of California on the August 6, 2003. Schwarzenegger had the most name recognition in a crowded field of candidates, but he had never held public office and his political views were unknown to most Californians.
His candidacy immediately became national and international news, with media outlets dubbing him the “Governator” (referring to The Terminator movies, see above) and “The Running Man” (the name of another one of his films), and calling the recall election “Total Recall” (yet another movie starring Schwarzenegger). Schwarzenegger declined to participate in several debates with other recall replacement candidates, and appeared in only one debate on September 24, 2003.
|In Office||January 22, 1990 – May 27, 1993|
|President||George H. W. Bush
|Preceded By||Dick Kazmaier|
|Succeeded By||Florence Griffith Joyner
Schwarzenegger cannot run for president as he is not a natural-born citizen of the United States. Schwarzenegger is a dual Austrian/United States citizen. He has held Austrian citizenship since birth and U.S. citizenship since becoming naturalized in 1983.
Being Austrian and thus European, he was able to win the 2007 European Voice campaigner of the year award for taking action against climate change with the California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006 and plans to introduce an emissions trading scheme with other US states and possibly with the EU.
Because of his personal wealth from his acting career, Schwarzenegger did not accept his governor’s salary of $175,000 per year.
Schwarzenegger became a “naturalized U.S. citizen” on September 17, 1983. Shortly before he gained his citizenship, he asked the Austrian authorities for the right to keep his “Austrian citizenship”, as Austria does not usually allow “dual citizenship”.
His request was granted, and he retained his Austrian citizenship. In 2005, Peter Pilz, a member of the “Austrian Parliament” from the “Austrian Green Party”, unsuccessfully advocated for Parliament to revoke Schwarzenegger’s Austrian citizenship due to his decision not to prevent the executions of Donald Beardslee and Stanley Williams.
On September 27, 2006, Schwarzenegger signed the “Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006″, creating the nation’s first cap on “greenhouse gas” emissions. The law set new regulations on the amount of emissions utilities, refineries, and manufacturing plants are allowed to release into the atmosphere. Schwarzenegger also signed a second global warming bill that prohibits large utilities and corporations in California from making long-term contracts with suppliers who do not meet the state’s greenhouse gas emission standards.
The two bills are part of a plan to reduce California’s emissions by 25 percent to 1990s levels by 2020. In 2005, Schwarzenegger issued an executive order calling to reduce greenhouse gases to 80 percent below 1990 levels by 2050.
Schwarzenegger signed another executive order on October 17, 2006, allowing California to work with the “Northeast’s Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative”. They plan to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by issuing a limited amount of carbon credits to each power plant in participating states. Any power plants that exceed emissions for the number of carbon credits will have to purchase more credits to cover the difference.
The plan took effect in 2009. In addition to using his political power to fight global warming, the governor has taken steps at his home to reduce his personal carbon footprint. Schwarzenegger has adapted one of his Hummers to run on hydrogen and another to run on biofuels. He has also installed solar panels to heat his home.
In respect of his contribution to the direction of the “US motor industry”, Schwarzenegger was invited to open the 2009 “SAE World Congress in Detroit”, on April 20, 2009.
In 2011, Schwarzenegger founded the “R20 Regions of Climate Action” to develop a sustainable, low carbon economy.
California Gubernatorial Recall Election, 2003
|Green||Peter Miguel Camejo||242,247||2.8|
California Gubernatorial Election, 2006
|Green||Peter Miguel Camejo||205,995||2.3|| −0.5
Schwarzenegger has had a highly successful business career. Following his move to the United States, Schwarzenegger became a “prolific goal setter” and would write his objectives at the start of the year on index cards, like starting a mail order business or buying a new car – and succeed in doing so. By the age of 30, Schwarzenegger was a millionaire, well before his career in Hollywood. His financial independence came from his success as a budding entrepreneur with a series of lucrative business ventures and investments.
In 1968, Schwarzenegger and fellow bodybuilder Franco Columbu started a bricklaying business. The business flourished thanks to the pair’s marketing savvy and an increased demand following the 1971 San Fernando earthquake. Schwarzenegger and Columbu used profits from their bricklaying venture to start a mail-order business, selling bodybuilding and fitness-related equipment and instructional tapes.
In 1992, Schwarzenegger and his wife opened a restaurant in Santa Monica called “Schatzi On Main”. Schatzi literally means “little treasure,” colloquial for “honey” or “darling” in German. In 1998, he sold his restaurant.
Schwarzenegger’s net worth had been conservatively estimated at $100 million–$200 million. After separating from his wife, Maria Shriver, in 2011, it has been estimated that his net worth has been approximately $400 million, and even as high as $800 million, based on tax returns he filed in 2006.
In 1969, Schwarzenegger met Barbara Outland (later Barbara Outland Baker), an English teacher with whom he lived until 1974. Baker published her memoir in 2006, entitled Arnold and Me: In the Shadow of the Austrian Oak. Although Baker painted an unflattering portrait of her former lover at times, Schwarzenegger actually contributed to the tell-all book with a foreword, and also met with Baker for three hours.
The couple first met six to eight months after his arrival in the U.S. Their first date was watching the first Apollo Moon landing on television. They shared an apartment in Santa Monica, California, for three and a half years, and having little money, they would visit the beach all day or have barbecues in the backyard.
Schwarzenegger met his next lover, Beverly Hills hairdresser’s assistant Sue Moray, on Venice Beach in July 1977. According to Moray, the couple led an open relationship: “We were faithful when we were both in LA… but when he was out of town, we were free to do whatever we wanted.
“Schwarzenegger met television journalist Maria Shriver, niece of President John F. Kennedy, at the Robert F. Kennedy Tennis Tournament in August 1977. He went on to have a relationship with both Moray and Shriver until August 1978, when Moray (who knew of his relationship with Shriver) issued an ultimatum.
Marriage and Family
On April 26, 1986, Schwarzenegger married Shriver in Hyannis, Massachusetts. The Rev. John Baptist Riordan performed the ceremony at St. Francis Xavier Catholic Church. They have four children: Katherine Eunice Schwarzenegger (born December 13, 1989), Christina Maria Aurelia Schwarzenegger (born July 23, 1991), Patrick Arnold Shriver Schwarzenegger (born September 18, 1993), and Christopher Sargent Shriver Schwarzenegger (born September 27, 1997).
All of their children were born in Los Angeles.The family lived in a 11,000-square-foot (1,000 m2) home in the Brentwood neighborhood of Los Angeles, with vacation homes in Sun Valley, Idaho, and Hyannis Port, Massachusetts. They attended St. Monica’s Catholic Church.
On May 9, 2011, Shriver and Schwarzenegger ended their relationship after 25 years of marriage, with Shriver moving out of the couple’s Brentwood mansion. On May 16, 2011, the Los Angeles Times revealed that Schwarzenegger had fathered a son more than 14 years earlier with an employee in their household, Mildred Patricia “Patty” Baena.
The pregnant Baena was working in the home while Shriver was pregnant with the youngest of the couple’s four children. Baena’s son with Schwarzenegger, Joseph, was born on October 2, 1997, and Shriver gave birth to Christopher a few days before on September 27, 1997. Schwarzenegger says it took seven or eight years before he found out that he had fathered a child with his housekeeper.
Accidents and Injuries
Schwarzenegger was born with a “Bicuspid Aortic Valve”, an aortic valve with only two leaflets (a normal aortic valve has three leaflets). He opted in 1997 for a replacement heart valve made of his own transplanted tissue; medical experts predicted he would require heart valve replacement surgery in the following two to eight years as his valve would progressively degrade.
Schwarzenegger apparently opted against a mechanical valve, the only permanent solution available at the time of his surgery, because it would have sharply limited his physical activity and capacity to exercise. On March 29, 2018, Schwarzenegger had undergone emergency open-heart surgery.
On December 9, 2001, he broke six ribs and was hospitalized for four days after a motorcycle crash in Los Angeles.
Schwarzenegger saved a drowning man’s life in 2004 while on vacation in Hawaii by swimming out and bringing him back to shore.
On January 8, 2006, while Schwarzenegger was riding his Harley Davidson motorcycle in Los Angeles, with his son Patrick in the sidecar, another driver backed into the street he was riding on, causing him and his son to collide with the car at a low speed.
While his son and the other driver were unharmed, Schwarzenegger sustained a minor injury to his lip, requiring 15 stitches. “No citations were issued,” said Officer Jason Lee, a Los Angeles Police Department spokesman. Schwarzenegger did not obtain his motorcycle license until July 3, 2006.
Schwarzenegger tripped over his ski pole and broke his right femur while skiing in Sun Valley, Idaho, with his family on December 23, 2006. On December 26, he underwent a 90-minute operation in which cables and screws were used to wire the broken bone back together. He was released from the St. John’s Health Center on December 30, 2006.
Schwarzenegger’s private jet made an emergency landing at Van Nuys Airport on June 19, 2009, after the pilot reported smoke coming from the cockpit, according to a statement released by his press secretary. No one was harmed in the incident.
Schwarzenegger was the first civilian to purchase a Humvee. He was so enamored by the vehicle that he lobbied the Humvee’s manufacturer, AM General, to produce a street-legal, civilian version, which they did in 1992; the first two Hummer H1s they sold were also purchased by Schwarzenegger.
In 2010, he had one regular and three running on non-fossil power sources; one for hydrogen, one for vegetable oil, and one for biodiesel. Schwarzenegger was in the news in 2014 for buying a rare Bugatti Veyron Grand Sport Vitesse. He was spotted and filmed in 2015 in his car, painted silver with bright aluminium forged wheels. His Bugatti has its interior adorned in dark brown leather. In 2017, Schwarzenegger acquired a Mercedes G-Class modified for all-electric drive.
The Hummers that Schwarzenegger bought in 1992 are so large—each weighs 6,300 lb (2,900 kg) and is 7 feet (2.1 m) wide—that they are classified as large trucks, and U.S. fuel economy regulations do not apply to them. During the gubernatorial recall campaign, he announced that he would convert one of his Hummers to burn hydrogen.
The conversion was reported to have cost about $21,000. After the election, he signed an executive order to jump-start the building of hydrogen refueling plants called the California Hydrogen Highway Network, and gained a U.S. Department of Energy grant to help pay for its projected US$91,000,000 cost. California took delivery of the first H2H (Hydrogen Hummer) in October 2004.
Awards and honors
- Seven-time Mr. Olympia winner
- Four-time Mr. Universe winner
- 1969 World Amateur Bodybuilding Champion
- 1977 Golden Globe Award winner
- Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
- International Sports Hall of Fame (class of 2012)
- WWE Hall of Fame (class of 2015)
- Schwarzenegger Institute for State and Global Policy (part of the USC Sol Price School of Public Policy at the University of Southern California) named in his honor.
- Arnold’s Run ski trail at Sun Valley Resort named in his honor. The trail is categorized as a black diamond, or most difficult, for its terrain.
- “A Day for Arnold” on July 30, 2007, in Thal, Austria. For his 60th birthday the mayor sent Schwarzenegger the enameled address sign (Thal 145) of the house where Schwarzenegger was born, declaring “This belongs to him. No one here will ever be assigned that number again”.
- Commandeur of the French Ordre National de la Légion d’Honneur (on April 28, 2017)
- Schwarzenegger, Arnold (1977). Arnold: Developing a Mr. Universe Physique. Schwarzenegger.
- Schwarzenegger, Arnold; Douglas Kent Hall (1977). Arnold: The Education of a Bodybuilder. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-22879-8.
- Schwarzenegger, Arnold; Douglas Kent Hall (1979). Arnold’s Bodyshaping for Women. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-24301-2.
- Schwarzenegger, Arnold; Bill Dobbins (1981). Arnold’s Bodybuilding for Men. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-25613-5.
- Schwarzenegger, Arnold; Bill Dobbins (1998). The New Encyclopedia of Modern Bodybuilding (rev. ed.). New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-84374-2.
- Schwarzenegger, Arnold (2012). Total Recall. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-1-84983-971-6.
All above information is from Wikipedia.
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